Their connections and patterns, when we search them out and understand them, reveal the handiwork of God. That Moses did keepa written record of the important transactions relative to the Israelites is attested byhis own express affirmation. The Scriptures exhibit a numerical design that can only be explained by the direct inspiration of a Creator. The general opinion of the Church inevery succeeding age has been that Ezra was the author of this book. 84-90. CHRONOLOGICAL SETTING:. The few passages on which the rationalists grounded theirassertions that it was the composition of a later age have been successfully shown towarrant no such conclusion; the use of Egyptian words and the minute acquaintance withEgyptian life and manners, displayed in the history of Joseph, harmonize with theeducation of Moses, and whether he received his information by immediate revelation, fromtradition, or from written documents, it comes to us as the authentic work of an authorwho wrote as he was inspired by the Holy Ghost ( 2 Peter 1:21 ). The Pentateuch possessed the strongest claims on theattention of the Jewish people, as forming the standard of their faith, the rule of theirobedience, the record of their whole civil and religious polity. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, inthe ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. However when dealing with the Hebrew text Numbers (B’midbar) can also be called the fifth and sixth book of Torah. Number in Scripture:Its Supernatural Design and Spiritual Significance, Some information on themeaning of numbers derived fromThe Holy Bible in Its Original Order, Second Edition, An essential key to understanding God's Word and its design is through the meaning of Biblical numbers. NIV Study Bible, pp. Itappears certain, however, that it could not have been written prior to the time of Samuel(see Ruth 4:17-22 ), who isgenerally supposed to have been its author; and this opinion, in addition to other reasonson which it rests, is confirmed by Ruth4:7 , where it is evident that the history was not compiled till long after thetransactions recorded. See Explanation “ Backward / Upside Down Nuns ” in “Hebrew Anomaly” for for more information. Young, pp. of The purpose of the book of Numbers is to tell about how Israel prepared to enter the promise land, but sinned and was punished. Edward F. Vallowe, in his book entitled Biblical Mathematics, writes the following. Ray Stedman: Numbers: The Incomplete Christian Life [, ] Part of the Series: Adventuring Through the Bible. Author and Date. Sinai only to rebel against God at every step. Home; Homesteading; Crafts; Food; Homeschooling; Sundry Musings It is chiefly,however, the duties of the priests, "the sons of Aaron," which this bookdescribes; and its claim to be the work of Moses is established by the followingpassages:-- 2 Chronicles 30:16 ; Nehemiah 8:14 ; Jeremiah 7:22-23 ; Ezekiel 20:11 ; Matthew 8:4 ; Luke 2:22 ; John 8:5 Romans 10:4 ; 13:9 ; 2 Corinthians 6:16 ; Galatians 3:12 ; 1 Peter 1:16 . Introduction to Studying Numbers by Brad Stephenson. ___________________; “The Fourth Book of Moses (Numbers),” Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament Vol. Althoughit relates an episode belonging to the time of the Judges, its precise date is unknown. GENESIS, the book of the origin orproduction of all things, consists of two parts: the first, comprehended in the firstthrough eleventh chapters, gives a general history; the second, contained in thesubsequent chapters, gives a special history. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Thecanonical authority of this book is well established; but another under the name of Ezrais rejected as apocryphal. Thus, in the words of W.A. It can easily be shown the supernatural design in the use of numbers, both in the works of God and in the Word of God. The chief objectionis founded on Ezra 5:4 , wherethe words, "Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the menthat make this building?" The name of the book refers to a prominent feature of the story, that is, the census which Moses took of the Israelites at Mount Sinai before their departure, and again in Moab, east of the Jordan, … 1 The Latin Vulgate picked up on the... II. The book of Numbers tells the story of the Israelites during the nearly forty years from the time they left Mount Sinai until they reached the eastern border of the land that God had promised to give them. For example, the fact that a four-leaf clover has four pedals doesn’t hold any spiritual significance. Numbers  Part of the series: Visual Survey of the Bible. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. One of the difficulties of analyzing Numbers is its rather unusual organization of material; i.e., the mixture of law and narrative and its inclusion of miscellaneous material. It is certain, however, that it preceded the Second Book of Samuel (compare Judges 9:35 with 2 Samuel 11:21 ), as well as theconquest of Jerusalem by David (compare Judges 1:21 with 2 Samuel 5:6 ). • Blenkinsopp, Joseph (2004). But the uniform tradition both of the Jewish and the Christian Churchessupports this claim, which nothing in the book tends to shake; while it is a record of thesuperintending care of divine providence over his chosen people, with which it is of theutmost importance the Church should be furnished. Numbers  Part of the series: Survey of the Bible. And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes … versions. Besides, the thoroughknowledge it exhibits of the institutions and usages of the ancient Egyptians and theminute geographical details of the journey to Sinai, establish in the clearest manner theauthenticity of this book. Israel leaves Mt. -- is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Though the scientific community has discovered several of these immutable laws, men actually know little to nothing about Godâs limitless universe. Salem Media Group. Numbers Introduction to the Old Testament — John Edgar McFadyen Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x.28 -- so called, rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv. What the four Gospels are in the New, the five books of Moses are in the OldTestament.". Originallythese books formed one continuous work, as in the Hebrew manuscripts they are stillconnected in one unbroken roll. 1 lesson overview of Numbers. Purpose and Scope. But admitting that thePentateuch was written by Moses, an important question arises, as to whether the bookswhich compose it have reached us in an authentic form; whether they exist genuine andentire as they came from the hands of their author. An evident unity of method, therefore, pervades this book, andthe information contained in it was of the greatest importance to the Hebrew people, aswithout it they could not have understood the frequent references made in their law to thepurposes and promises of God regarding themselves. Its author was inall probability Samuel, the last of the judges (see Judges 19:1 Judges 21:25 ), andthe date of the first part of it is fixed in the reign of Saul, while the five chapters atthe close might not have been written till after' David's establishment as king in Israel(see Judges 18:31 ). The authorship is commonly ascribed to Ezra, whose leading object seemsto have been to show the division of families, possessions, &c., before the captivity,with a view to the exact restoration of the same order after the return from Babylon.Although many things are restated and others are exact repetitions of what is contained inKings, there is so much new and important information that, as JEROMEhas well said, the Chronicles furnish the means of comprehending parts of the NewTestament, which must have been unintelligible without them. "The precision with which the Bible numbers all fall into their places cannot be accounted for except by the supernatural power and wisdom of a God Who is infinite" (Ibid., page 20). From the time it was first begun to around 95 A.D., some forty key writers were involved in compiling the Scriptures. "Only to the students of the Word, those to whom God's Spirit has given spiritual insight, will the code be plain. The Pentateuch, the name by which the first five books of theBible are designated, is derived from two Greek words, pente, "five," andteuchos, a "volume," thus signifying the fivefold volume. But this, at least in thecase of Rahab, is no valid reason for rejecting the idea of his authorship; for assumingwhat is most probable, that this book was composed toward the close of Joshua's longcareer, or compiled from written documents left by him, Rahab might have been still alive.A more simple and satisfactory way of accounting for the frequent insertion of the clause,"unto this day," is the opinion that it was a comment introduced by Ezra, whenrevising the sacred canon; and this difficulty being removed, the direct proofs of thebook having been produced by a witness of the transactions related in it, the strong andvivid descriptions of the passing scenes, and the use of the words "we" and"us," ( Joshua 5:1-6 ),viewed in connection with the fact, that, after his farewell address to the people, Joshua"wrote these words in the book of the law of God" ( Joshua 24:26 )--all afford strongpresumptive proof that the entire book was the work of that eminent individual. Today they are associated with computers and the depersonalization that threatens our society.' Numbers takes up the story where Exodus left off. JUDGES is the title given to the next book,from its containing the history of those non-regal rulers who governed the Hebrews fromthe time of Joshua to that of Eli, and whose functions in time of peace consisted chieflyin the administration of justice, although they occasionally led the people in their warsagainst their public enemies. Certain prophetic books of the Bible, such as Daniel and Revelation, introduce a complex, interrelated system of numerology which exhibits definite patterns. The genuineness and authenticity of the Pentateuch being admitted,the inspiration and canonical authority of the work follow as a necessary consequence. This uncertainty, however, as to the authorshipdoes not affect the inspired authority of the book, which is indisputable, being quoted inthe New Testament ( 1 Samuel 13:14 in Acts 13:22 , and 2 Samuel 7:14 in Hebrews 1:5 ), as well as in many ofthe Psalms. It is probable, however, that these supposed marks of anafter-period were interpolations of Ezra. The PURPOSE for writing this book is not to entertain the careless, nor for predicting the future. Title The English title “Numbers” comes from the Greek (LXX) and Latin (Vg.) 1 lesson overview of the Book of Numbers. The name of the book refers to a prominent feature of the story, that is, the census which Moses took of the Israelites at Mount Sinai before their departure, and again in Moab, east of the Jordan, about a … NUMBERS. This list of biblical numbers and meanings is by no means exhaustive. The authorship of these books is unknown; but the prevailingopinion is that they were compiled by Ezra, or one of the later prophets, from the ancientdocuments that are so frequently referred to in the course of the history as of public andestablished authority. Commentators,however, are divided about this, some supposing that the statements in 1 Samuel 2:26 ; 3:1 , indicate the hand of the judgehimself, or a contemporary; while some think, from 1 Samuel 6:18 ; 12:5 ; 27:6 , that its composition must bereferred to a later age. Homemaking, Homeschooling, Homesteading, Home Business and Other Stuff of Life. The Hebrew title is Bemidbar or “In the Wilderness” ( rbdmb) (of Sinai?) The name of God is strangely enoughomitted, but the presence of God is felt throughout the history; and the whole tone andtendency of the book is so decidedly subservient to the honor of God and the cause of truereligion that it has been generally received by the Church in all ages into the sacredcanon. When we study numbers in the Bible we aren’t looking for meaning in natural occurences of numbers. Watch our overview video on the book of Numbers, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Mark Dever: ...The Message of Numbers  Capitol Hill Baptist Church. 85.) 24:44; Jn. In the case of Numbers, the Greek translation abandoned the excellent Hebrew name, and used a Greek word meaning “numbers” (arithmoi) that actually describes only a few of its chapters. Introduction, Part B. 1–4 and 26. The Mosaic origin of the Pentateuch is established by theconcurring voices both of Jewish and Christian tradition; and their unanimous testimony issupported by the internal character and statements of the work itself. 187-188. https://www.esv.org/resources/esv-global-study-bible/introduction-to-numbers RUTH is properly a supplement to thepreceding book, to which, in fact, it was appended in the ancient Jewish canon. DEUTERONOMY, the second law, a titlewhich plainly shows what is the object of this book, namely, a recapitulation of the law.It was given in the form of public addresses to the people; and as Moses spoke in theprospect of his speedy removal, he enforced obedience to it by many forcible appeals tothe Israelites, concerning their long and varied experience both of the mercies and thejudgments of God. 1 This designation is based on the numberings that are a major focus of chaps. A road-trip gone bad. The people complain, Miriam and Aaron oppose Moses, and the people refuse to enter Canaan because of the reports of the... For 40 years the … Just as God employed mathematical laws to create everything, He used numerals in the design of His word. Kenneth Boa: 8. Various titles havebeen given them; in the Septuagint and the Vulgate they are called the Thirdand Fourth Books of Kings. A single author would have to be a genius to develop a numerical design that applies to the entire book. 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