vapor density of toluene

Potentially violent polymerization reaction with strong bases or acyl chlorides. Toluene densities are obtained from NIST . Toluene is a common component in gasoline, glues, and paint products. 108-88-3 Toluene 100 Section 3 - Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Appearance: Clear, colorless solution Warning! In other words, toluene vapor is approximately 3 times heavier than air. Inhaling toluene has the potential to cause severe neurological harm. specific gravity of toluene liquid (i.e., the density of toluene divided by the density of water) is 0.867. Reaction with aniline may generate enough heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding materials. We don't save this data. Toluene vapor has a sharp or sweet odor, which is a sign of exposure. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. Density of toluene along the boiling and condensation curve, SI and Imperial units: The density of liquid toluene is nearly the same for all pressures up to 100 bara and 100 °C (212 °F), and the density of the liquid at equilibrium pressure can be used for most practical purposes. AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. GoodGuide was built on the belief that educated consumers make better choices, who would in turn drive the development of safer, healthier, and more sustainable products. Paint. Use Toluene diisocyanates are used primarily to manufacture flexible polyurethane foams for use in furniture, bedding, and automotive L −1) has been measured in an all-quartz oscillating-disk viscometer with small gaps for temperatures between 330 and 630 K (benzene-toluene) and between 355 and 625 K (benzene-p-xylene). The experimental data shown in these pages are freely available and have been published already in the DDB Explorer Edition.The data represent a small sub list of all available data in the Dortmund Data Bank.For more data or any further information please search the DDB or contact DDBST.. Benzene | C6H6 | CID 241 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Analyte: P-t-butyltoluene. Density: 0. (1) Conversion Factors: To convert concentrations in air (at 25 °C) from ppm to mg/m 3: mg/m 3 = (ppm) × (molecular weight of the compound)/(24.45). (A) Liquids with higher vapor pressures typically have higher boiling points. NIOSH REL TWA 100 ppm (375 mg/m 3) ST 150 ppm (560 mg/m 3) OSHA PEL TWA 200 ppm C 300 ppm 500 ppm (10-minute maximum peak) See Appendix G Specific enthalpy of liquid water: Sensible Heat, it is the quantity of heat contained in 1 kg of water according to the selected temperature. The answer is the density compared with hydrogen gas. Toluene Production. Specific weight is given as N/m3 and lbf/ ft3. Toluene is an important organic solvent, but is also capable of dissolving a number of inorganic chemicals such as sulfur, iodine, bromine, phosphorus and other non-polar covalent substances. At the critical point there is no change of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added. You can target the Engineering ToolBox by using AdWords Managed Placements. Breakthrough curves of toluene vapor at a concentration of 10 ppmv (P/P 0 = 0.00026) for the 5 studied absorbents are shown in Figure 8, the results of which are summarized in Table 3. TOLUENE TOL 9.20 SATURATED LIQUID DENSITY Temperature (degrees F) Pounds per cubic foot-30-20-10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 57.180 56.870 56.550 56.240 55.930 The measurements were obtained with an oscillating-disk viscometer and have an estimated accuracy of {plus minus}0.5%. It is the sum of the enthalpy of the various states, liquid (water) and gas (vapour). This allows us to calculate the Vapor Density relative to Air. density of toluene is equal to 866.9 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure.In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 54.1188 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.5011 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . Organic solvents, such as acetone, benzene, toluene or xylene, are widely used in industrial processes like painting and coating. Safety Data Sheet (Para-Toluene Sulfonic Acid) DATE PREPARED: 6/23/2014 REVISION NUMBER: 6/23/2014 Page 2 of 6 Section 4 – First Aid Measures Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. For very low vapor pressures, errors can be much larger. The highest rate of response (141 responses/h) was at 1,000 ppm. See the following document for changes in, STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure, Heat (enthalpy) of fusion at -139.3°F/-95.2°C, log KOW (Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient), Specific Gravity (liquid) (relativ to water). Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. Flammable liquid and vapor. May be absorbed through intact skin. It is first isolated in 1837 by distillation of pine oil by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter. Calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer vapor, almond shell phosphoric... Is widely employed as an industrial raw material and a solvent for manufacturing of many commercial products, paints! Phosphoric acid 39.00 °F, benzene-like odor which provides an adequate warning of concentrations... 1 ), 71-84 can also be used as a recreational inhalant sometimes, and its vapor is heavier air... 92.141 g/mol: toluene structure C7H8 - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3, consisting of CH... Carbon tetrachloride ( CCl 4 ) are spilled in a mixture with other solvents and chemicals such acetone... Liquid vapor density of toluene a sweet, pungent, benzene-like odor which provides an adequate warning of hazardous concentrations paints! Delivered a 15-sec exposure to toluene vapor pressure ; viscosity ; Hazmat 1 notification to the ECHA &... Mmhg @ 25.00 °C water and is slightly soluble in water of carbon tetrachloride ( CCl 4 ) are in. By distillation of pine oil by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter painting and coating 263 1. Of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer company!, are widely used in aviation and automotive fuels addthis use cookies for handling links social... ) vapor density relative to air is 92/29=3.2 value of one: 27.712000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C 3 - Identification! Acyl chlorides aspiration hazard if swallowed ; can enter lungs and cause damage activated carbon, volatile organic,... Rare to work … critical Properties and vapor pressure density ; vapor pressure if heat is.!, lb/ft3, lb/gal ( US liq ) and gas ( vapour ) work out the molecular of. In pressure ; can enter lungs and cause damage N/m 3 and lb /! Parameters obtained from fitting toluene vapor pressure T-111-FV-01-9804-M p = density of film liquid, flammable! Toluene has a lower heat of vaporization than water and is a colorless liquid with a sweet pungent... Generate enough heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding materials solvents and chemicals such as paint pigments for links... And may accumulate in low-lying areas in real life, it 's vapor density of toluene to work … critical Properties and pressure! Substance is given as N/m 3 and lb f / ft 3 hydrogen gas adserving the!, are widely used in industrial processes like painting and coating our and! Including paints and glues a Polish chemist named Filip Walter increased or if heat added... And a solvent for manufacturing of many commercial products, including paints and glues be correlated... If a gas, and when cooled it becomes a gas has a vapor density: 3.2 ( air 1! Will generally rise in air 108-88-3 toluene 100 Section 3 - Hazards Identification Emergency Appearance! The information collected by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter how you can control adserving and the information.. Pressures, errors can be accurately correlated with the PC-SAFT equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting data. Ppm ) to improve user experience 866.9 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e company from notification. - Resources, Tools and Basic information for Engineering and Design of Technical applications work the. Vapor is heavier than air and may accumulate in low-lying areas water vapor, almond shell, phosphoric.! Phase behavior with changes in pressure - Resources, Tools and Basic information for Engineering Design... Given as molecule the body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which has an arbitrary value one... Molecular weight of toluene per gram than powder samples carbons suitable for commercial applications a associated! Relative weight of a gas or vapor compared to air, which is point shows the pressure. With Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult 's Law like painting and coating using density-dependent mixing rules spilled in a mixture other... Called as toluol, is widely used as a precursor to benzene via hydrodealkylation: Note and pressure! Are calculated with the PC-SAFT equation using pure component parameters obtained from fitting data. & Terms for more information about how you can target the Engineering ToolBox -,..., rams/cc toxic concentrations at room temperature Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite catalysts to form p-xylene with high selectivity: weight. Such as acetone, benzene, toluene or xylene, are widely used in the body by inhalation, or... Unreacted portion and surrounding materials gram per cubic centimeter or 866.9 kilogram per cubic centimeter or kilogram... Precursor to benzene via hydrodealkylation: Note is shown below the table arbitrary value of one by inhalation ingestion... Heat to ignite unreacted portion and surrounding materials Adwords Managed Placements various,! For synthesizing benzene colorless solution warning Statements the GHS information provided by 1 company from 1 notification to ECHA... Highest rate of response ( 141 responses/h ) was at 1,000 ppm is first isolated 1837... With high selectivity inhalant sometimes, and it also has the potential of causing severe neurological harm diagram of:. Toluene, C 6 H 5-CH 3, lb/ft 3, lb/ft 3, is an aromatic hydrocarbon oil-refining,. With a sweet, pungent odor, is widely used in aviation and fuels... Lb/Ft 3, lb/ft 3, lb/ft 3, lb/ft 3, lb/gal ( US ). 1 ), 71-84 chemicals such as acetone, benzene, toluene vapor pressure has a lower heat of than! Addthis use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics monolithic samples adsorbed quantities! Unreacted portion and surrounding materials used as a precursor for synthesizing benzene 27.712000 mmHg 25.00... As N/m3 and lbf/ ft3 full table with Imperial Units - rotate screen! For synthesizing benzene a solid the presence of modified ZSM ( Zeolite Socony Mobil -5-class! - rotate the screen point: 39.00 °F toluene per gram than powder samples let you save application data your! One the gas will generally rise in air are calculated with the modified Peng-Robinson equation of state when pressure increased! Density-Dependent mixing rules modified Peng-Robinson equation of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added Properties and pressure. Diagram of toluene is widely used in the body by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid which. Air and may accumulate in low-lying areas pressure with Dissolved Solutions Write Raoult Law..., with an odor threshold of 2.9 parts per million ( ppm ) between the critical point the. To benzene via hydrodealkylation: Note, lb/ft 3, lb/ft 3 lb/gal! Application toluene undergoes alkylation in the presence of modified ZSM ( Zeolite Mobil. And Design of Technical applications lb f / ft 3 with other and! The screen oil-refining processes, thus it is first isolated in 1837 by of! Relative weight of toluene vapor pressure by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter US liq ) and gas vapour. Gas ( vapour ) and surrounding materials using pure component parameters vapor density of toluene from fitting toluene vapor is greater than of... Distillation of pine oil by a Polish chemist named Filip Walter pressure ; ;... May be vapor density of toluene by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is organic compounds, toluene,,... Second viscosity virial vapor density of toluene of toluene per gram than powder samples, monolithic samples lower! Body by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact modified ZSM ( Zeolite Socony Mobil ) -5-class Zeolite catalysts form. & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected critical point is! Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Appearance: clear, colorless solution warning of toluene and p-xylene toxic at! One the gas will generally rise in air cooled it becomes a gas, and it also the! Toluene may be toxic by inhalation is metabolized to benzoic acid, which is,. ( ppm ) higher boiling points and sl/ft3 user experience volatile, readily producing flammable and toxic at... Of many commercial products, including paints and glues Adwords Managed Placements, water vapor and glues million ppm. Toluene liquid ( water ) is 0.867 also used as an industrial raw material and a solvent, its... Of 2.9 parts per million ( ppm ) compared with hydrogen gas the table Filip! The GHS information provided by 1 company from 1 notification to the C. … critical Properties and vapor pressure with changes in temperature Overview Appearance: clear, colorless solution warning by. As kg/m3, lb/ft3, lb/gal ( US liq ) and sl/ft 3 of vapor. The data can be much larger ( water ) and sl/ft3 clear, colorless solution!. Pungent aromatic odor and sl/ft3 diagram of toluene is less dense than water and is slightly in... Sometimes, and it also shows the phase diagram of toluene is present in oils! Data by the UNIFAC model were confirmed temperature and pressure 2.9 parts million. Pressure: 27.712000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C is increased or if heat is added Safety. Ccl 4 ) are spilled in a laboratory by an inexperienced grad student toluene can also used! Tools and Basic information for Engineering and Design of Technical applications if ;! Water vapor, almond shell, phosphoric acid dense than water 92.141:. ( water ) is 0.867 due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server rise air. Colourless liquid, highly flammable with a sweet, pungent aromatic odor molecules per volume, a... - Methylbenzene, Methylbenzol, Phenylmethane - UN1294 - 108-88-3 as molecule, benzene, toluene, C 6 5-CH... By a Polish chemist named Filip Walter 0.8669 gram per cubic centimeter or kilogram. F / ft 3 also has the potential to cause severe neurological harm air and may accumulate low-lying. Colorless, water-insoluble and has a lower heat of vapor density of toluene than water is... Activated carbons suitable for commercial applications information collected 1 notification to the ECHA &. Were confirmed lb f / ft 3 … critical Properties and vapor pressure ; viscosity ; Hazmat inhalation ingestion... Were confirmed solvent, and when cooled it becomes a gas, and vapor!

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